Weight loss surgical procedures can be a good solution to lose weight especially for people that are overweight and have tried and failed in using other methods like exercise and diet to lose weight. It is worth highlighting that the amount of weight lost depends on the operation done but ideally the person usually loses close to slightly less than a third to half their weight within half a year. It is good to state that after making such a decision the person can no longer eat like they used to and they have to commit themselves to exercise and taking the right diet. It is good to note that just like other major surgeries there are risks involved too which the doctor should take the person through as they decide on what surgical procedure will be right for them and what they can expect afterwards.
The surgeries work in different ways and one of these ways is by hindering the stomach from reaching its the normal full size. Normally the stomach has the capacity to hold about six food cups but after some surgical operations the stomach is only able to hold only a single food cup or slightly above a cup of food. There are some surgeries that are used to bypass a section of the intestines so that the persona absorbs fewer calories per food intake thus they lose weight in the long run.
These days many weight loss surgical procedures utilize small cuts called ‘laparoscopic’ surgery instead of performing a big surgery. This procedure involves the surgeon making either five or six small cuts in the stomach then inserting a camera and some minute tools via the same holes then operating them while from a video screen.
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It is good to note that there are various kinds of weight loss surgeries such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery which is the most utilized surgery today. This is done by dividing the stomach into two sections, of which one is larger and one is small then stapling the smaller stomach section to create a minute pouch. This is followed by severing the minute stomach pouch away from the initial part of the small intestine (duodenum) then reconnecting the stomach to the jejunum. This is called a gastric bypass and after the procedure is done the patient feels fuller after taking less food thus this works over time to help the person lose weight by taking in less food, absorbing less calories thus the pounds also drop.
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The other surgical procedure is called the laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding which involves the surgeon using a laparoscopic tool to place a silicone band (an inflatable one) on the upper section of the stomach. The band is then tightened so the stomach now becomes a small pouch that has a limited outlet.